My Programming Naming Philosophy

Some thoughts I have on the naming of functions, variables, classes, files, and folder. These thoughts do not have anything to do with project/code structure or architecture.

I apply these thoughts to almost every language I program in but a language can impact what ideas I implement.


Name things using consistent patterns. This is the biggest idea here. If you are using a specific format keep to the format.


Avoid uncommon abbreviations but consider scoping with common abbreviations. If using abbreviation stick to the pattern.

For example, when prefixing a string function with str do the same for all string functions. However, some type abbreviations might be uncommon so it is not critical that you abbreviate all type functions; like arrays with arr for example.

Short Names

Use short names. Visual debut is real with code. Think about the value Python and Ruby bring here. This is my favorite idea to press.

Short names are more scannable for everyone. Human and computer.

If your are using complete words use the shortest semantic version. For example, I like to use "drive" and "files" over "storage" and "volume". There is nothing nicer than to see a list of folders with short names.

Here is a simple example:


Not bad but takes a while to scan through as the list gets longer.

  • application
  • storage
  • public
  • bootstrap
  • configuration


Easy to scan through, conveys the same information, and uses only one abbreviation.

  • app
  • files
  • www
  • boot
  • config

You can almost instantly pick up the folder you are seeking. When a list of folders has a lot characters it tends to read more like a blob.

A - CB

If many classes have similar names append semantics to the name in all instances but a chosen base instance. I call this "append minus chosen base" or a - cb for short.

For example, a model and controller with the same names Models/Post.php and Controllers/Post.php can be confusing. Append semantics to the name as follows Models/Post.php and Controllers/PostController.php. Note, I do not use Models/ModelPost.php because I can have the model class as the chosen base.

General Words First

Start with a general word when you need to search for a name often.

For example, $color_blue has been better than $blue_color for me in SCSS. However, PostController has been better than ControllerPost for controllers in PHP because I use a - cb.

This pattern should feel as though you are building a folder tree structure and trying to use the least number of folders possible.


Less folders 4 total. For the class ProjectsLaravel.php.

+ Projects
  - Laravel
  - WordPress
  - Slim


More folders 6 total. For the class LaravelProjects.php.

+ Laravel
  - Projects
+ WordPress
 - Projects
+ Slim
 - Projects

Hungarian notation

Use Hungarian notation only if absolutely needed.

If you find yourself reaching for Hungarian notation your function or code might need to be refactored and shortened. "Hungarian notation" is more specific to strongly typed programming languages like C.

You will not see "Hungarian notation" come up in PHP or JavaScript communities for example.

The Great Rebellion hit its peak with the first release of .NET. Microsoft finally started telling people, “Hungarian Notation Is Not Recommended.” There was much rejoicing. I don’t even think they bothered saying why. They just went through the naming guidelines section of the document and wrote, “Do Not Use Hungarian Notation” in every entry.

Joel Spolsky

Key Stokes

Scope your use of CamelCase and snake_case.

One is not better than the other but I do like using snake_case because I find it easy to read and scan when in code.

For example, I scope snake case to variables and functions; I scope camel case to classes, their methods, and attributes. This is mainly because I write code in PHP. In a perfect world I feel I would use only snake_case.

Sliding Scale

Use all these ideas together on a sliding scale. At times you must give to one by taking from another. Frameworks and existing code also influence how you name things and I would advise that you conform to maintain a consistent pattern.

It important to keep a broad perspective in the naming process but to grow you need to land somewhere and write code. You can always adapt and change with new experiences and knowledge.

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